RIOTS, street fighting, fascist salutes and snipers on roofs were seen as Spain celebrated its national day amid uncertainty over the future of Catalonia.
Disorder broke out in Barcelona as pro-union nationalists held breakaway protests burning the region's flag in the streets with pictures of shocking brawls emerging.
Thousands of people joined flag waving parades across the country on the theme of "proud to be Spanish".
but, in Catalonia shocking pictures showed fascist salutes being given as the region's divisions over the question of independence grow deeper.
There were ugly scenes at a popular tourist cafe in Barcelona where rival groups of hooligans attacked each other with chairs.
The brawl broke out after a peaceful demonstration called by pro-union group Societat Civil Catalana, which had also organised a massive anti-independence demonstration on Sunday.
A police officer who tried to break up the fighting was said to have been slightly injured.
Pro-union sentiments were heard loudly today as the country celebrated.
Andrea Corrales, 46, said: "Its very emotional seeing all the flags. We have to remain together."
Elsewhere flags were seen emblazoned with the message: "Long live the unity of Spain."
On Tuesday Catalonia's leaders signed a declaration for independence after President Carles Puigdemont told the region's Government it had "won the right to independence".
A deep divide has emerged between many Catalans and the national government after Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy declared the regions independence vote "illegal" and sent in riot cops in a bid to crush it.
The vote saw 43 per cent of Catalans head to the polls, 90pc of which opted to break away from Spain.
The referendum ballot asked Catalans to answer yes or no to a single question: "Do you want Catalonia to become an independent state in the form of a republic?"
Hispanic Day – a Bank Holiday in Spain – commemorates the anniversary of the date Christopher Columbus first set foot in the Americas in 1492.
It is marked by a military parade in Madrid attended by the King and senior politicians including the Prime Minister.
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