US to provide 'security assurances' to Kim Jong-un and North Korea

Washington: US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo says the United States will "provide security assurances" to North Korea's Kim Jong-un to smooth the way for a nuclear deal.

Pompeo met with Kim last week in North Korea, helping set the stage for US President Donald Trump's historic summit with the North Korean leader in Singapore on June 12.

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Trump's goal is for North Korea to get rid of its nuclear weapons in a permanent and verifiable way. In return, the US is willing to help the impoverished nation strengthen its economy.

Pompeo was asked on Fox News Sunday whether the US was in effect telling Kim he could stay in power if he met the US demands.

"We will have to provide security assurances, to be sure," Pompeo answered.

The top US diplomat did not elaborate, but his comment could refer to the type of assurances North Korea has sought in the past.

A statement issued during international negotiations with North Korea in 2005 over its nuclear weapons development said the "United States affirmed that it has no nuclear weapons on the Korean Peninsula and has no intention to attack or invade (North Korea) with nuclear or conventional weapons."

The North has said it needs nuclear weapons to counter what it believes is a US effort to strangle its economy and overthrow the Kim regime.

"Make no mistake about it, America's interest here is preventing the risk that North Korea will launch a nuclear weapon into LA or Denver or to the very place we're sitting here this morning," Pompeo said from Washington.

"That's our objective, that's the end state the President has laid out and that's the mission that he sent me on this past week, to put us on the trajectory to go achieve that."

North Korea said on Saturday that all of the tunnels at the country's north-eastern nuclear test site would be destroyed by explosion in less than two weeks, ahead of Kim's summit with Trump. Observation and research facilities and ground-based guard units would also be removed, the North said.

Pompeo praised it as "one step along the way."

In a separate interview, John Bolton, the President's national security adviser, described the types of steps that North Korea would need to take as part of a denuclearisation process, including the potential involvement of a processing centre in Tennessee.

"The implementation of the decision means getting rid of all the nuclear weapons, dismantling them, taking them to Oak Ridge, Tennessee," Bolton said in an interview with ABC's This Week.

"It means getting rid of the uranium enrichment and plutonium reprocessing capabilities," adding the process would also need to address North Korea's ballistic missiles.

"I don't think anybody believes you're going to sign the complete ending of the nuclear program in one day. But we are also very much interested in operationalising the commitment as quickly as possible."

Bolton said in an interview with CNN's State of the Union that North Korea should not "look for economic aid from us. I think what the prospect for North Korea is to become a normal nation, to behave and interact with the rest of the world the way South Korea does."

"The prospect for North Korea is unbelievably strong if they'll commit to denuclearisation. That's what the President is going to say," he said.

Pompeo said private-sector Americans could help rebuild North Korea's energy grid and develop the country's infrastructure. He described the possibility of American agriculture being used to "support North Korea so they can eat meat and have healthy lives."

AP

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