Mount Merapi, on the island of Java has today unleashed boiling gas clouds, Indonesia’s Geology and Volcanology Research Agency has warned. Located near the cities of Yogyakarta and Solo, the agency has warned locals to stay at least 1.8 miles from the volcano.
Mount Merapi’s eruption sent a 3.7 mile column of ash into the air and triggered the evacuation of the airport in the nearby city of Solo on the densely populated Java island.
The volcano is Indonesia’s most active volcano, with a series of eruptions in 2010 killing more than 350 people.
Indonesia’s Volcano Observatory Notice for Aviation issued a red alert and said the ash cloud was moving north.
The local disaster mitigation agency warned people to keep out of a 1.8 mile (3km) exclusion zone around Merapi.
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How active is the Ring of Fire right now?
The Ring of Fire is a 25,000-mile strip in the Pacific Ocean made up of oceanic trenches, volcanic arcs, volcanic belts and plate movements.
There are 452 volcanoes on the ring of fire, site of three of world’s most violent volcanic eruptions recorded there.
Approximately 90 percent of all earthquakes occur along the Ring of Fire – a line covering several tectonic plates making up the Earth’s crust.
The area is notorious for its number of volcanoes due to colliding tectonic plates, forcing one under the other to create a so-called subduction zone.
What are the world’s most active volcanoes?
There are approximately 1,500 active volcanoes around the world.
Volcano experts believe 75 percent of those are located along the Pacific Ring of Fire.
Hawaii’s Mauna Loa is the biggest volcano on Earth and has been continuously erupting for 700,000 years – most recently in 1984.
Iceland’s Eyjafjallajokull volcano erupted as recently as 2010, with the resulting ash plume triggering a global air traffic crisis causing many flights to be heavily diverted and canceled.
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Mount Vesuvius is located only 5.5 miles 9km) from the Italian city of Naples, making this the most denseley populated region with volcanic activity anywhere in the world.
Due to Vesuvius’ activity, expert fear a similar eruption will only be a matter of time.
Congo’s Mount Nyiragongo has erupted 32 times since 1882 and its lava lake consistently shows disturbing fluctuation in lava levels.
Taal Volcano in the Philippines has been showing signs the next big eruption might be around the corner since its infamous 1991 event.
Indonesia’s Mount Merapi has produced more lava flow than any other volcano anywhere in the world and last erupted in 2018, causing evacuations in the region.
Scientists thought Colombia’s Galeras volcano was dormant in 1978, but just 10 years later it erupted and again in 1993, killing six scientists.
Japan’s Sakurajima volcano erupted in 1914, generating massive lava flows responsible for connecting the island to the mainland.
The Santa Maria volcano, located 80 miles (130km) from Guatemala, erupted in 1902, which ranks as one of the three largest eruptions in the 20th century.
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