Boys ‘will get more A and A* grades than girls in their GCSE and A-Level results because they are better at new harder tests more focused on exams’
- Predictions say boys’ will be better because the qualifications are exam graded
- Boys scored more As and A*s than girls by 0.5 percentage points last year
- Professor Alan Smithers said the reforms favoured boys’ final revision effort
Boys are expected to get more A and A* grades than girls in the new, harder A-levels when the results come out on Thursday.
Experts believe they may also narrow the gap with girls when it comes to all A* to C grades.
A report published today by the University of Buckingham predicts that boys’ performance will be better because the qualifications will mostly be graded through exams, which on average boys are better at.
This is instead of coursework, where girls tend to do better.
Last year, when there were new A-levels in 13 subjects, boys scored more As and A*s than girls by 0.5 percentage points.
This year 24 subjects will follow the new system, which was pioneered by former education secretary Michael Gove.
Professor Alan Smithers, who wrote the report, said the reforms favoured boys because they are ‘happier to throw themselves into a final revision effort for an exam’.
Markers grading this year’s GCSE and A-Level exams will be more lenient so ‘no pupil is disadvantaged’ by new harder tests… which have left some with ‘extreme anxiety’
Grading of A-level and GCSE papers will be especially lenient this year to compensate for teething problems with the new exams.
Exam regulator Ofqual has said the marks needed for a pass will be set so no one is ‘disadvantaged’ by the changes.
It said grade boundaries – set after marking – will be positioned so roughly the same proportion of pupils will get good grades as in previous years.
This could potentially mean placing boundaries lower to compensate for poorer performance caused by teachers unfamiliar with the materials.
Exam regulator Ofqual said marks will be set so no one is at a ‘disadvantage’ by the new changes which meant hundreds of thousands of pupils acted as ‘guinea pigs’
This year new A-levels and GCSEs have been sat by hundreds of thousands of pupils who will be acting as ‘guinea pigs’ following radical reforms to toughen up exams.
The changes were brought in by former education secretary Michael Gove following concerns over years of slipping standards under New Labour.
The new exams aim to bring performance in line with that of high-flying countries in Asia which are far ahead of the UK in many international league tables.
Yesterday critics warned that if the leniency continues there will have been little point in making the exams harder.
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Alan Smithers, professor of education at the University of Buckingham, said: ‘It’s reasonable to recognise that the first people to take these exams will be guinea pigs and should get protection.
‘But while it is reasonable to provide these protections for pupils for the moment, I would question how long they will be in place… if they continue indefinitely, we will not get the full benefit of the reforms.’
Reformed A-levels include maths, geography, French, Spanish, Latin, PE and drama.
And reformed GCSEs include biology, chemistry, physics, geography, history, French, Spanish, PE, art and Latin.
The GCSEs will also be graded on a new scale, from 1 to 9, with the 9 equivalent to a high A*.
The new exams aim to bring performance in line with countries in Asia which are much higher than the UK in the international league tables
Cath Jadhav, a director of standards at Ofqual, revealed its grading strategy for this year in a series of blog posts.
She said: ‘Student performance dips a little in the first years of a new qualification, because teachers are less familiar with the new specifications, and there are fewer support materials and past papers for students to use.
‘Using statistics compensates for that dip, so that the 2018 cohort is not unfairly disadvantaged by being the first to sit these new qualifications.’
She said the results of the new A-levels will ‘look similar’ to last year, providing only that the ‘ability make-up’ of pupils has not changed.
This means a similar proportion of entries – 26 per cent – will get an A or A*, while three quarters will be graded C or above.
At GCSE the proportion of entries previously getting a C or above – two thirds – will be graded 4 or above this year.
The bottom of grade 7 is equivalent to the bottom of the old A, and as before, 20 per cent should achieve this or above. Within this sub-group around 20 per cent again will get the top grade of 9.
This means the 9 grade – which Oxford and Cambridge will use to identify the very brightest pupils – will be much harder to get than the old A*.
However, some teachers are still worried the volatility of the reforms could mean pupils miss out on the results they deserve.
The changes were brought in partly because leading universities had complained pupils were arriving poorly prepared for the demands of degrees.
They also said they found it difficult to choose between thousands of applicants who had achieved straight As and A*s at GCSE and were predicted top grades at A-level as well.
A-level results come out on Thursday and GCSE results are out on August 23.
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