Oscar Wilde’s ‘Hattie’ was US rail magnate’s daughter, says biographer

Is this Oscar Wilde’s ‘Darling Hattie’? Biographer claims young American who stole writer’s heart during lecture tour was railroad magnate’s ‘beautiful and rich’ 23-year-old daughter

  •  Flamboyant author wrote love letter to mystery lady named ‘Hattie’ in 1882
  •  Biographer Matthew Sturgis believes he may have traced her true identity
  •  Hattie Crocker was the daughter of American rail magnate, Charles Crocker
  •  Her parents are listed among the audience of his first lecture during a US tour
  •  Sturgis: ‘The circumstantial evidence linking the Crockers…is so strong’

Flamboyant, extroverted and witty, Oscar Wilde was one of the great personalities of the Victorian era and someone who had women – and men – falling at his feet.

But it was a young lady named ‘Hattie’ that stole the literary genius’ heart while on a trip to America in 1882 and one biographer believes he may finally have uncovered her real identity.

Matthew Sturgis, author of Oscar Wilde: A Life, published next month by Head of Zeus, has found documents suggesting the object of his affections is Hattie Crocker, the 23-year-old ‘beautiful and rich’ daughter of a railroad magnate from San Francisco.

‘Darling Hattie’: Author Matthew Sturgis believes ‘Hattie’ referred to by Oscar Wilde’s love letter is Hattie Crocker, daughter of a rail magnate, as seen in this painting by Giovanni Boldini

Wilde confided in a friend that he had lost his heart in San Francisco, during a US tour in 1882

In a letter written following a lecture tour of the United States and Canada, Wilde wrote: ‘When I think of America I only remember someone whose lips are like the crimson petals of a summer rose, whose eyes are two brown agates, who has the fascination of a panther, the pluck of a tigress, and the grace of a bird. 

‘Darling Hattie, I now realise that I am absolutely in love with you, and for ever and ever…’ 

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His extraordinary correspondence, which features in The Complete Letters of Oscar Wilde, edited by Merlin Holland and Rupert Hart Davis (2000), first prompted Sturgis to investigate who ‘Hattie’ might be.

‘There aren’t other letters of that sort to other girls, so that’s what made me think it was worth trying to track her down’, he told Dalya Alberge for The Observer.

Wilde had confided in a friend that he had lost his heart in San Francisco, prompting the author to first look in the city’s 1880 census records. 

Only one ‘Hattie’ came up, belonging to Hattie Crocker.

Wilde went on to marry Constance Lloyd, before a same-sex affair with Lord Alfred Douglas

Further investigation confirmed that Wilde had visited her uncle’s art gallery in Sacramento and that her parents, Charles and Mary Crocker, were among the audience at Wilde’s first lecture.   

Sturgis said: ‘So it would be very likely that Hattie was there as well…The circumstantial evidence linking the Crockers with Wilde’s tour and his stay in San Francisco is so strong.’


Author and artist Oscar Wilde was one of the Victorian era’s best-known personalities 

Famous for his razor sharp wit, flamboyant dress sense and enormously succesful plays, Oscar Wilde was one of the Victorian era’s best known characters.

The son of two Anglo-Irish intellectuals, Wilde studied at Oxford before moving to London where he mixed with the capital’s most fashionable circles and began a career as a writer.

He is perhaps best known for his play The Importance of Being Ernest, which was still being staged in London’s West End when he was arrested on charges of sodomy and gross indecency.

He wrote only one novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray published in 1891. In prison, he wrote De Profundis, a long letter discussing his trial and subsequent jail sentence.

When Wilde was released he had undergone a transformation, and was no longer the pleasure seeking socialite.  He went into exile in France and died destitute in Paris at the age of 46.

Today he is fondly remembered for his razor sharp wit and brilliant quotes.

On arrival in the USA he is once said to have breezed through customs announcing: ‘I have nothing to declare but my genius’.

Other memorable quotes include: ‘There are only two tragedies in life: one is not getting what one wants, and ‘We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars’.

Even on his deathbed he was said to have quipped: ‘Either those curtains go, or I do’

One flaw in his theory however is that Hattie, as according to her family and a portrait of her by Giovanni Boldini, shows her as having blue eyes rather than brown, a detail that Sturgis puts down to Wilde simply having ‘misremebered’.  

Despite his proclamations of love, Wilde and Hattie’s relationship never developed further.

She went on to marry financier Charles Beattie Alexander and went on to live in New York and Paris.

Meanwhile, Wilde married Constance Lloyd in 1884, fathered two sons and then had an affair with Lord Alfred ‘Bosie’ Douglas, which led to a conviction for gross indecency. 

After being imprisoned for two years, he died destitute in Paris, in 1900, aged 46.

In 2017, Wilde was among an estimated 50,000 men who were pardoned for homosexual acts that were no longer considered offences under the Policing and Crime Act 2017. 

The Act is known informally as the Alan Turing law, after the Second World War codebreaker, who was convicted of gross indecency in 1952.




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