London: When accomplished, glamorous American actress Meghan Markle married Prince Harry in 2018, she was hailed as a breath of fresh air for Britain's fusty royal family. That honeymoon didn't last.
Now the couple wants independence, saying the pressure of life as full-time royals is unbearable. And a debate is raging: Did racism drive Meghan away?
Britain’s Prince Harry and Meghan, Duchess of Sussex leave after visiting Canada House in London.Credit:AP
When Prince Harry, who is sixth in line to the throne, began dating the Suits actress – daughter of a white father and African-American mother – the media called it a sign that Britain had entered a "post-racial" era in which skin colour and background no longer mattered, even to the royal family.
UK Labour Party lawmaker Clive Lewis, who like Meghan has biracial heritage, says the royal rift shows that Britain still has a problem with "structural racism."
"We can see it with Meghan Markle and the way that she's been treated in the media, we know that this is a reality of the 21st century, still," Lewis told Sky News. "After 400 years of racism you can't just overturn it overnight."
Is race a factor? Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex and Meghan, Duchess of Sussex plan to exit Britain.Credit:Getty
Frederick W. Gooding, an assistant professor of African-American studies at Texas Christian University in Fort Worth, Texas, said it would be "disingenuous" to claim race had not been a factor in Meghan's treatment.
"She was always going to be an outsider," he said. "There was always going to be this barrier because of her race."
From the start, some in the media wrote about Meghan using racially loaded terms. One tabloid columnist referred to her "exotic" DNA. A Daily Mail headline described her Los Angeles roots as "(almost) straight outta Compton" and claimed she came from a "gang-scarred" neighbourhood. A TV host described Meghan as "uppity."
Meghan was criticised for everything from eating avocados – which the Daily Mail claimed fuel "human rights abuses, drought and murder" – to wearing dark nail polish, apparently an etiquette faux pas.
All in the family? Prince William, Duke of Cambridge (left), and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge (right), with Prince Harry, and his wife, Meghan.Credit:Getty
After Diana's death, a chastened British press mended its ways – a bit. The media left young William and Harry alone in exchange for carefully staged interviews and photo opportunities as they grew up. That practice has continued with the three young children of William and his wife, Kate.
But in many ways little really changed.
Royal stories still sell newspapers and generate clicks. That has meant intense – and even illegal – scrutiny. In the early 2000s, tabloid reporters hacked the voicemails of Prince William and royal staff members in pursuit of scoops.
Younger female royals are routinely judged on appearance, demeanour and habits. Prince William's wife was relentlessly scrutinised for years: dismissed as dull, accused of being lazy for not having a full-time job, and dubbed "waity Katy" before William proposed.
Still, Meghan's treatment has sometimes seemed harsher.
Last year the Daily Mail ran photos of a pregnant Meghan cradling her bump under the headline: "Why can't Meghan Markle keep her hands off her bump?" Months earlier the same paper had described a pregnant Kate as "tenderly" cradling her bump.
British Home Secretary Priti Patel denied Meghan has suffered from racist media coverage,
"I'm not in that category at all where I believe there's racism at all," Patel, who is of Indian heritage and whose parents emigrated to Britain from Uganda, told the BBC.
"I think we live in a great country, a great society, full of opportunity, where people of any background can get on in life."
But others say the media double standard Meghan faced is evidence that talk of "post-racial" Britain is wildly premature.
While Britain is by most measures less racist than it used to be, non-white Britons are still over-represented among the poor and imprisoned, and under- represented at the top of well-paid professions, including politics, journalism and the law.
Britain's 2016 decision to leave the European Union – a move fuelled in part by concerns about immigration – was followed by an increase in cases of racist abuse reported to police.
Meghan acknowledged in an October interview that she had been unprepared for the intense media scrutiny she would get as a member of the royal family.
She told ITV journalist Tom Bradby that before she married Harry, "my British friends said to me, 'I'm sure he's great, but you shouldn't do it, because the British tabloids will destroy your life."'
"And I very naively…I didn't get it," she said.
Unlike other members of the royal clan, Meghan and Harry have pushed back.
As long ago as 2017, Harry criticised "the racial undertones of comment pieces; and the outright sexism and racism of social media trolls and web article comments."
Now the couple has had enough. They plan to move part-time to Canada, withdraw from royal media-coverage arrangements and seek financial independence. The queen has reluctantly agreed to let them become semi-detached royals in order to avoid a damaging family split.
The racism debate will rage on. Writing in The Guardian, British columnist Nesrine Malik said she doubted it would have much positive effect.
She argued that the racism debate had become a "pantomime, in which everyone – people of colour, tabloid journalists, TV hosts – is playing well-rehearsed parts."
"Britain's conversation about race endlessly repeats itself, first as tragedy, and for ever thereafter as farce," she wrote.
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