UN’s historic new treaty to protect the high seas: Member states agree new deal that could bring restrictions on fishing and deep seabed mining – after 15 YEARS of negotiations
- Treaty will allow the creation of marine protected areas in these waters
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UN member states have agreed a historic treaty to protect the high seas after 15 years of negotiations.
The high seas begin outside countries’ national waters, which extend up to 200 nautical miles (230 miles) from coastlines.
They thus fall under the jurisdiction of no country.
Ocean ecosystems create half the oxygen humans breathe and limit global warming by absorbing much of the carbon dioxide.
But they are threatened by climate change, pollution and overfishing.
The United Nations headquarters in New York
UN member states finally agreed to a historic treaty to protect the high seas
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When the treaty comes into force it will allow the creation of marine protected areas in these waters.
It could mean restrictions on fishing and on deep seabed mining.
The high seas comprise more than 60 per cent of the world’s oceans and nearly half the planet’s surface.
Only about 1 per cent of the high seas are currently under protection.
The treaty is seen as essential to hitting the target of conserving 30 per cent of the world’s land and ocean by 2030.
Greenpeace said 4.2million square miles of ocean needs to be put under protection every year to 2030 to hit the target.
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