Climate change has brought more SUN to the North East! Areas including County Durham and Tyne and Wear have seen sunshine hours increase by more than 13% in the past 30 years, Met Office reveals
- Biggest rises in temperature have been in parts of central and eastern England
- Analysis shows higher temperatures are being felt further north than previously
- Met Office has revealed that climate change has increased rainfall across Britain
- Glasgow now endures extra 12 days of rain a year compared with 60 years ago
In this dreary winter weather it may seem like we have more rainy days in Britain than we used to.
But although new research by the Met Office has confirmed this to be the case, there is also now more sunshine in the North East.
Analysis comparing two 30-year periods – 1961-1990 and 1991-2020 – reveals the average temperature of the UK has increased by 1.44°F (0.8°C), rainfall by 7.3 per cent, and sunshine by 5.6 per cent.
Average temperatures that were previously limited to London and parts of the far south of England are now being felt as much as 155 miles further north, Met Office experts said.
North-east and eastern England saw the greatest annual increase in sunshine, with a rise of more than 13 per cent, while the number of days of air frost, when the air temperature drops below 0°C, has reduced by 11.1 days on average.
Analysis comparing two 30-year periods – 1961-1990 and 1991-2020 – reveals the average temperature of the UK has increased by 1.44°F (Sandhaven Beach in South Shield is pictured)
WHICH PARTS OF THE UK HAVE SEEN THE BIGGEST INCREASES IN TEMPERATURE, RAIN AND SUNSHINE?
The biggest temperature rises have been in parts of central and eastern England.
Areas such as Bedfordshire and Leicestershire have seen average conditions warm by more than 1.8°F (1°C), while Scotland and Northern Ireland have risen by around 1.26°F (0.7°C).
Argyll and Bute has seen average annual rainfall increase by more than 7.9 inches (200mm), the biggest increase by volume.
The number of rainy days – when 1mm or more rainfall is recorded – has increased by an average of 5.6 days.
The biggest increases were in Scotland, with Glasgow racking up an extra 12 days with rainfall recorded on average.
North-east and eastern England saw the highest yearly rise in sunshine, with an increase of over 13 per cent.
Average rainfall increased by more than 10 per cent between the two periods across a large swathe of Scotland, as well as parts of south-west England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Argyll and Bute has seen average annual rainfall increase by more than 7.9 inches (200mm), the biggest increase by volume, while South Yorkshire saw the smallest rise, of just over 0.5 inches (14mm) per year.
The number of rainy days – when 1mm or more rainfall is recorded – has also increased by an average of 5.6 days.
Glasgow now endures an extra 12 days with rainfall recorded on average, compared with just one day in Cambridgeshire.
The biggest rises in temperature have been in parts of central and eastern England.
Areas such as Bedfordshire and Leicestershire have seen average conditions warm by more than 1.8°F (1°C), while Scotland and Northern Ireland have risen by around 1.26° F (0.7°C).
Higher temperatures are being felt further north than they used to be, so Hull has been warmer on average between 1991 and 2020 than Heathrow, west London, was in the previous 30 years.
The 30-year ‘averaging’ periods are used as a benchmark against which observational records of weather and climate can be compared, and which can be used as context for future climate projections.
The analysis looking over 60 years comes as the Met Office published information from the latest 30-year period, 1991-2020, which ended on December 31 last year and will now be used as the benchmark for routine climate monitoring from January.
Mark McCarthy, head of the Met Office National Climate Information Centre, which manages the UK’s climate records, said: ‘The publication of climate data from the latest 30-year period is a perfect opportunity to describe some of the changes taking place in UK climate over the last six decades.
‘The result of human-induced climate change in the UK is that higher temperatures are felt further north than they used to be.
‘Examining the pattern of climate change across the UK reveals an interesting pattern of regional variation.
‘Over the periods, rainfall has generally increased with the greatest increases in the north and west.
‘Average temperature has increased most in inland counties to the north of London, while sunshine has increased most in the north east of England.
‘Much of what we are seeing at a local scale fits the national and international picture.
‘It has long been known that the atmosphere has been warming… a reduction in days of air frost can also be anticipated in a warming climate.’
THE PARIS AGREEMENT: A GLOBAL ACCORD TO LIMIT TEMPERATURE RISES THROUGH CARBON EMISSION REDUCTION TARGETS
The Paris Agreement, which was first signed in 2015, is an international agreement to control and limit climate change.
It hopes to hold the increase in the global average temperature to below 2°C (3.6ºF) ‘and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C (2.7°F)’.
It seems the more ambitious goal of restricting global warming to 1.5°C (2.7°F) may be more important than ever, according to previous research which claims 25 per cent of the world could see a significant increase in drier conditions.
The Paris Agreement on Climate Change has four main goals with regards to reducing emissions:
1) A long-term goal of keeping the increase in global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels
2) To aim to limit the increase to 1.5°C, since this would significantly reduce risks and the impacts of climate change
3) Governments agreed on the need for global emissions to peak as soon as possible, recognising that this will take longer for developing countries
4) To undertake rapid reductions thereafter in accordance with the best available science
Source: European Commission
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