Coronavirus: WHO on new variant with 'multiple mutations'
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The most recent data from the WHO shows that the UK has contributed more money to the Core Voluntary Contributions Account than any other member country. Voluntary contributions are donations that come from member states of the United Nations or from other partners, like estate funds.
In recent years, voluntary contributions have accounted for more than three-quarters of the organisation’s financing.
During 2018-2019, the UK contributed a staggering $64.7million (currently about £47.6 million) to the Voluntary Contributions Account.
This is nearly twice as much as the second-highest contributor Sweden, at $35.4 million, which is roughly £26million today.
The UK’s contributions to this fund are more than double that of Norway and Australia, which donate $27.3 million and $18.2 million respectively.
When compared to neighbouring countries, Britain donated more than France, Germany and Spain combined.
France provided $900,000 to the fund, while Spain gave only $200,000.
These donations are in addition to their assessed contributions, which are the dues countries pay in order to be a member of the WHO.
The amount that each country is required to pay depends on the nation’s wealth and population.
In the past few years, assessed contributions have declined as an overall percentage of the Programme Budget.
They currently account for less than one-quarter of the Organization’s financing as the balance is mobilized through voluntary contributions.
However, the benefits of assessed contributions lie in the fact that they remain a key source of financing for the WHO.
Thus they provide a level of predictability, help to minimize dependence on a narrow donor base, and allow resources to be aligned to the Programme Budget.
The Core voluntary contributions, which the UK leads in are fully unconditional, meaning WHO has full discretion on how these funds should be used to fund the programmatic work of the Organization.
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When it comes to the Assessed contribution, which country must pay as a due, the USA pays the most, leading the way with a staggering $116 million in 2020.
China is the next highest contributor in this regard, paying $57 million to fund the WHO.
In this matter, Germany is the third-highest contributor to the fund, paying $29 million, followed closely by the UK at $22 million, which is a little over £16 million, and France, who paid $21 million in 2020.
According to the UN, flexible funding like the Core Voluntary Contributions Account has allowed WHO to: “Advance gender equity and human rights in health.
“Countries such as Nepal and Indonesia are successfully using tools developed with this funding.
“Catalyze progress in the fight against Non-communicable Diseases, which received over 45 percent of its funding in the years 2018-2019 from flexible sources.
“Improve countries’ health systems by integrating people-centred services and improving information and evidence-gathering, enabling many countries like Rwanda and the Solomon Islands to move closer to Universal Health Coverage.”
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