Disposable face masks ‘are the latest menace’ in the fight against plastic pollution and people should use washable cloth face coverings instead of throwaway PPE, warns Greenpeace
- Greenpeace encourages people to wear reusable face coverings and wash them
- Says using disposable masks will create huge amounts of plastic pollution
- Previous research found if everyone in the UK wore a mask a disposable day it would create 121,000 tonnes of plastic waste in one year
Disposable masks are the ‘latest menace’ in the fight against plastic pollution, campaigners warn.
Environmental charity Greenpeace is urging people to opt for reusable masks rather than throwaway items of PPE, as face coverings become mandatory in shops in England today.
Plastic poses a huge danger to wildlife and nature, clogging up habitats and often entangling animals.
Scientists have found that a suitable cloth covering which can be repeatedly washed and reworn is just as effective as a disposable mask at containing saliva droplets that may contain coronavirus.
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Environmental charity GreenPeace is urging people to opt for reusable masks and not throwaway items of PPE. Plastic poses a huge danger to wildlife and nature, clogging up habitats and often entangling animals (Stock)
Waste from masks also reach the seas, where they degrade into microplastics which can contaminate the environment and food chains, Greenpeace said.
The environmental group pointed to a study by University College London that calculated if every person in the UK wore a disposable mask a day for a year, it would create 66,000 tonnes of contaminated waste and 55,000 tonnes of plastic packaging.
A study published yesterday found microplastics and man-made fibres from disposable face masks in the guts of sharks off the Cornish coast.
More than two thirds of four species of seabed-dwelling sharks contained microplastics and other man-made fibres in their stomachs, they found.
Synthetic cellulose, one of the fibres that was collected, is widely used to make clothes and disposable hygiene products such as facemasks.
Widely-available face masks feature a layer of non-woven bonded fabric – commonly made of polypropylene – which gives them a long afterlife when they are discarded and can end up in landfill or oceans.
Professor Mark Miodownik from UCL said: ‘For general public use, reusable fabric masks are effective and far preferable to single-use plastic masks.
‘They reduce the environmental and health risks associated with the disposal of 66,000 tonnes of contaminated plastic waste that will be produced if everyone in the UK starts wearing single-use plastic masks.’
Homemade face coverings need at least two layers of fabric and preferably three to protect against the coronavirus spreading, according to scientists.
Researchers filmed how droplets travel out of someone’s mouth when they talk, cough and sneeze and how it changes with different masks.
In the video droplets were noticeable when the man talked without a mask or with a single-layered mask, but were invisible or non-existent if he wore a surgical mask.
And when he sneezes, the video shows a torrent of potentially infectious droplets flying out of his mouth, which is reduced to a small cloud with the proper mask.
Scientists at the University of New South Wales in Australia said officials should be telling people making DIY masks that they need to have multiple layers.
Face coverings become mandatory in shops from tomorrow, July 24, in the UK and people will have to where them where they can’t keep distanced from people.
One researcher not involved with the paper said it didn’t prove that masks could stop the spread of Covid-19 but admitted it demonstrated how large droplets could be stopped by them.
Louise Edge, senior campaigner at Greenpeace, said: ‘Throwaway masks are the latest plastic menace to be found strewn across parks and pavements.
‘They find their way into our waterways, clogging up our rivers and seas and degrading into harmful microplastics.
‘But disposable masks are not inherently safer for general public use than reusable ones, and experts say reusable masks can protect us during the pandemic, if worn and washed properly.’
Separate research from financial experts at Money.co.uk found there are clear fiscal benefits to the public.
Their analysis found that disposable masks would cost every person in the UK around £189.80 a year if following proper guidelines and protocols.
This would collectively cost Britons over £12billion in just 12 months.
In comparison, using a reusable mask would cost £4 per year, leading to a yearly saving of £185.80, they claim.
Environment minister Rebecca Pow said: ‘Littering blights our communities and cleaning it up costs taxpayers’ money, which is why it’s vital we all dispose of our waste – including used items of PPE – in the correct manner.
‘We know this public health emergency has meant an unavoidable reliance on single-use plastics such as PPE.
‘As we emerge from the pandemic, it’s clear we must pick up from where we left off and continue to lead the global fight on unnecessary single-use plastics.’
Governments and the World Health Organization advise people to make their own cloth face coverings in the hope surgical masks will be reserved for health workers.
New research published in the journal Thorax found home-made face coverings need to be at least two layers and preferably three to curb the spread of Covid-19, and surgical disposable masks offer the best protection of all.
The public are advised by the Government to wash their hands before putting a covering or mask on or taking it off, and to avoid touching their eyes, nose, or mouth while wearing one.
Face coverings should be stored in a plastic bag until they can be washed or disposed of, the Department of Health said.
Homemade face coverings need at least two layers of fabric and preferably three to protect against the coronavirus spreading, according to scientists
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