The colourful picture was snapped by the European Space Agency’s (ESA’s) Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission. The false-colour image reveals the geological features of a large mountain range somewhere in the Southern Hemisphere’s Antipodes. From one end to another, the mountain range stretches for more than 285 miles (400km).
The mountain range began to form some 800 million years ago when an ancient sea deposited sediments in a large basin.
Millions of years later, geological processes compressed the sediments into a so-called folded mountain range.
Folded mountain ranges are formed when two or more of the planet’s tectonic plates collide.
The powerful forces fold and push layers of land into the intricate mountains, hills and rocky outcrops.
The sediments originally present in the creation of the mountains have eroded away a long time ago but the folded rocks have formed the landscape as we see it today.
The part of the mountain range featured in ESA’s photo is a national park.
ESA said: “The rugged park’s main attractions include deep gorges, chasm and an impressive wilderness.
“Numerous creeks appear like veins across the entire image, while the straight, white lines visible in the bottom right are dirt roads.”
Numerous creeks appear like veins across the entire image
European Space Agency (ESA)
The area is a semi-arid environment and its flora has adapted to the conditions.
Local trees include the sugar gum tree, cypress-pine and mallee.
The area is also rife with dingoes, wallaroos, red kangaroos and western grey kangaroos.
ESA said: “Slightly west of the image pictured here lies the Ediacara Hills, where some of the oldest fossil evidence of animal life was discovered.”
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Where was this satellite photo taken?
The ESA picture features a segment of the Flinders Ranges in South Australia.
The Flinders Ranges are the largest mountain range in South Australia, about 124 miles (200km) north of Adelaide.
ESA said: “The Flinders Ranges stretches for over 400 km across the Australian outback – from Port Pirie to Lake Callabonna.
“The first humans to inhabit the Flinders Ranges were the Adnyamathanha people, who have inhabited the range for tens of thousands of years.
“The area pictured here shows the Vulkathunha-Gammon Ranges National Park in the Northern Flinders Ranges.”
Another photo, snapped by Japan’s ALOS satellite, shows part of the Flinders Ranges about 310 miles north of Adelaide.
The photo shows an area between Flinders Ranges National Park to the south and Vulkathunha-Gammon Ranges National Park to the north.
Running across the centre of the image is a long, narrow gorge.
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